Pollinator Habit

Mellow Marsh Farm Loves Pollinators

Aesculus flava
Yellow buckeye

(Aesculus octandra) Small to medium sized tree with numerous creamy yellow flowers in spring.  

Aesculus pavia
Red buckeye

Showy understory shrub with attractive crimson flowers in the early spring.

Aesculus sylvatica
Painted buckeye

Showy understory shrub with attractive yellow flowers in the early spring.

Amelanchier arborea
Downy service-berry

A small tree or shrub with a narrow, round crown and white elongate petals at the branch tip.

Aronia arbutifolia
Red chokeberry

Large shrub, simple serrate leaf; pinkish to white flowers, black drupe.

Asclepias incarnata
Swamp milkweed

Attractive deep pink flowers, opposite leaves.

Asclepias tuberosa
Butterfly weed

Upland herbaceous plant with bright orange flowers.

Baptisia alba
White wild indigo

Quick growing bushy herbaceous plant with attractive white blossoms held on tall spires.

Ceanothus americanus
New Jersey tea

Low deciduous shrub with dark glossy leaves and bright white flower clusters. 

Cephalanthus occidentalis
Button bush

Shrub-tree, white globe-shaped flowers, red foliage and seed heads in fall.  High salt tolerance.

Cercis canadensis
Eastern redbud

Early flowering small tree bearing pink to purple flowers on both the stems and trunk "cauliflory".

Chelone glabra
White turtlehead

Wetland and riparian herb with white flowers borne on stout stems.

Chionanthus virginicus
Fringe tree

Showy native shrub with fragrant early flowers borne on drooping axillary panicles.

Clethra alnifolia
Sweet pepper bush

Shrub or small tree with spikes of fragrant white flowers.

Coreopsis lanceolata
Lance-leaf coreopsis

A herbaceous perennial plant that grows in small clumps with deeply cut leaves and yellow flower heads.

Cornus amomum
Silky dogwood

Spreading, deciduous shrub; inflorescence a cyme of small white flowers; blue fruits.

Cornus florida
Flowering dogwood

Small deciduous tree with showy white bracts in April-May.

Echinacea purpurea
Purple coneflower

Tall showy inflorescence with purple ray flowers and yellow disc flowers.

Eubotrys racemosus
Swamp doghobble

Tardily deciduous shrub with delicate bell shape flowers on racemes.

Eupatorium perfoliatum
Boneset

Tall robust herb with white flowers.

Eutrochium fistulosum
Joe-pye weed

Tall robust herb with large heads of small purple flowers.

Gaillardia pulchella
Indian blanket

Showy maroon and gold flower on small branching stems. Tolerates dry soils and varied conditions.

Hamamelis virginiana
Witch hazel

Small deciduous tree, early spring flowers; deeply veined serrate leaves.

Helenium autumnale
Bitterweed

Medium to tall bushy herbaceous perennial; numerous yellow flowers from July to frost.

Hibiscus coccineus
Scarlet rose mallow

Showy large red flower on large perennial plant.  Low salt tolerance.

Hibiscus moscheutos
Marsh hibiscus/Rose mallow

Showy red, white, or pink flowers; can tolerate dry periods.  Low salt tolerance.

Hypericum densiflorum
Bushy St. Johnswort

Small dense shrub or woody perennial with numerous showy yellow flowers.

Ilex decidua
Possum haw

Broad-leaved deciduous shrub; tolerates full shade; orange/red berries.  Low salt tolerance.

Ilex glabra
Inkberry

Evergreen rhizomatous shrub with black drupes.  Low salt tolerance.

Ilex opaca
American holly

Medium sized broadleaf evergreen tree with numerous bright red drupes.  Medium salt tolerance.

Ilex verticillata
Winterberry

Multi-stemmed deciduous shrub with brilliant red drupes persisting into midwinter.

Ilex vomitoria
Yaupon

Broadleaf evergreen shrub or small tree with red berries remaining until late winter. 

Itea virginica
Virginia sweetspire

Shrub with white bell-shaped flowers in dense drooping racemes.

Kosteletzkya virginica
Marsh mallow

Tall woody perennial, showy pink flowers, tolerates dryer soils.

Liatris spicata
Blazing star

Flowering herb with showy racemes of pink flowers.  High salt tolerance.

Liriodendron tulipifera
Tulip poplar

Very large deciduous tree with uniquely shaped four lobed simple leaves and large showy flowers. Often a pioneer of unused fields and roadsides.

Lobelia cardinalis
Cardinal flower

Tall leafy herb, showy red flower spikes; attracts butterflies, hummingbirds.  Low salt tolerance.

Lobelia elongata
Blue lobelia

Similar to L. cardinalis but with blue flowers.

Monarda fistulosa
Wild bergamot

A showy pinkish flowering plant with aromatic leaves and hollow, greenish-purple stems.

Nuphar advena
Spatterdock

Aquatic herb with round floating leaves and attractive yellow flowers.

Nymphaea odorata
American white waterlily

Rooted aquatic with floating leaves, green above and purplish beneath. Flowers are showy white with yellow stamens.

Nyssa aquatica
Water tupelo

Deciduous tree with broad, simple leaves; fruits are dark blue drupes.  Low salt tolerance.

Oxydendrum arboreum
Sourwood

Small tree or large shrub, with cream white flowers borne in terminal panicles in June-July. Brilliant red foliage in early autumn.

Physocarpus opulifolius
Ninebark

Showy deciduous shrub with beautiful clusters of bell shaped flowers and characteristic peeling bark.

Physostegia virginiana
Obedient plant

Showy native flowering perennial with long upright racemes bearing pink flowers. The stem has a characteristic ability to remain bent when moved.

Pontederia cordata
Pickerel weed

Robust, succulent herb with spikes of attractive purple flowers, lobed leaves.

Prunus serotina
Black cherry

A large deciduous tree often a pioneer of unused fields and fence lines with numerous white flowers in spring followed by dark fruits.

Ratibida columnifera
Prairie coneflower

Erect, hairy, clump forming coneflower with fernlike leaves and maroon and gold blossoms.   Low salt tolerance.

Ratibida pinnata
Grey-headed coneflower

Tall upright coneflower with drooping yellow blossoms. 

Rosa palustris
Swamp rose

Rambling rose with delicate pink flowers June through October.

Rudbeckia fulgida 'Goldsturm'
Goldsturm black-eyed susan

Long blooming flowering perennial with dark green leaves and bright yellow blossoms.  

Rudbeckia hirta
Black-eyed susan

Native in mountains, piedmont, and coastal plain.

Sambucus canadensis
Elderberry

Medium to large deciduous shrub with large umbels of white flowers and conspicuous purple to black fruits.

Sassafras albidum
Sassafras

Small to medium sized deciduous tree with three distinct leaf patterns. All parts of the tree are fragrant and it bears blue-black drupes in the late summer. 

Saururus cernuus
Lizard's tail

Heart shaped leaves and interesting recumbent flower spikes.  Low salt tolerance.

Tridens flavus
Purpletop tridens

A warm season grass well adapted to drought with red purple spikelets on drooping panicles.